Productivity Improvement Tool: Points of Time and Motion Study

August 12, 2015by Faber Infinite

What is a Time and Motion Study? 

A Time and Motion Study is a systematic observation method used to analyze work processes, identify inefficiencies, and optimize productivity. It involves breaking down tasks into elements, measuring the time taken for each element, and finding ways to streamline operations.

“The unexamined life is not worth living” said the great Management thinker ‘SOCRATES’.

As far as operations is concerned, Time and Motion Study is one of the better ways of determining the capacity of the plant and also the particular time when the efficiency and productivity can be improved. This study is an appropriate solution to determine the ‘time’ taken to complete a certain task by a plant and machinery in a factory.

Though basic in nature, Time and Motion studies outlines the ground work and facilitates to arrive at better capacity, awareness and robust planning system which will lead the operations of a plant to operational excellence.

Basic study of Time and Motion includes the following 5 key points:

5 key points of Time and Motion Study

  • Look closely at the present work/ current situation
  • Identify the opportunities to be more efficient
  • Modify the current process that is followed
  • Examine if it produces the expected results
  • Rinse and repeat

Application of Time-Motion Study in Today’s Business 

Time and Motion Studies have extensive applications across diverse sectors in today’s business landscape: 


These studies help optimize assembly lines, reduce setup times, and improve production efficiency. By analyzing workflow processes and identifying time-consuming tasks, manufacturers can streamline operations, minimize waste, and enhance overall productivity. 


In the healthcare industry, Time and Motion Studies play a crucial role in optimizing patient care workflows. By observing and analyzing the time taken for various medical procedures, administrative tasks, and patient interactions, healthcare providers can identify inefficiencies, reduce wait times, and improve the quality of care delivered. 

Service Sector 

Time and Motion Studies are valuable in the service sector for enhancing customer service delivery. By studying service processes such as call handling, ticket resolution, and service interactions, organizations can identify opportunities to streamline operations, allocate resources effectively, and improve response times, leading to higher customer satisfaction levels. 


In the realm of technology, Time and Motion Studies are used to streamline software development processes. By analyzing tasks such as coding, testing, and deployment, technology companies can identify bottlenecks, optimize workflows, and reduce time-to-market for new products and updates, thereby increasing competitiveness and customer satisfaction. 


Time and Motion Studies are instrumental in optimizing retail operations. By studying tasks such as inventory management, checkout processes, and store layout, retailers can identify areas for improvement, reduce wait times for customers, enhance store efficiency, and ultimately, improve the overall shopping experience. 


By leveraging Time and Motion Studies effectively, businesses across these sectors can drive operational efficiency, reduce costs, improve quality, and ultimately, achieve sustainable growth and competitive advantage in today’s dynamic business environment. 

Time and Motion Study is an observation method used to determine the timing and duration of tasks or procedures. It is a work measurement technique for recording the times and rates of working for the elements of a specified job carried out under specified conditions and for analyzing data. The study helps in reducing and controlling costs, improving working conditions, and motivating people.

When the time taken to complete a task is measured, machine delays, personal needs, fatigue, and any other foreign interference is also taken into account. Effectively a job is broken down into its component parts. The time taken to complete each component is noted. And the components are ordered or rearranged, keeping in mind efficiency.

A Time Standard is an important component of Time and Motion Study. A time standard takes into account three factors: qualified worker, working at a normal pace, and doing a specific task.

Advantages of a Time and Motion Study 

Time and Motion Studies offer a range of significant advantages that contribute to the overall success and competitiveness of businesses: 

Increased Productivity  

By meticulously analyzing work processes and identifying inefficiencies, Time and Motion Studies pave the way for increased productivity. Streamlining workflows, optimizing task sequences, and eliminating time-wasting activities result in employees accomplishing more in less time, ultimately boosting overall productivity levels. 

Cost Reduction  

The optimization of workflows and resource allocation achieved through Time and Motion Studies leads to cost savings. By identifying and eliminating non-value-added activities, reducing idle time, and minimizing resource wastage, businesses can significantly lower their operational costs and improve profitability. 

Enhanced Quality 

Time and Motion Studies not only focus on efficiency but also on improving the quality of work output. By identifying areas where quality may be compromised due to inefficient processes, organizations can implement measures to ensure consistent and high-quality outcomes. This, in turn, leads to increased customer satisfaction and loyalty. 

Employee Engagement 

Involving employees in Time and Motion Studies can enhance their engagement and satisfaction. Employees feel empowered when they contribute ideas for process improvement and witness the positive impact of their suggestions on productivity and efficiency. This engagement can lead to a more motivated workforce and lower turnover rates. 

Data-Driven Decision Making  

Time and Motion Studies provide valuable data and insights that enable data-driven decision-making. Businesses can use the data collected during these studies to identify trends, measure performance metrics, set realistic benchmarks, and make informed decisions about resource allocation, process redesign, and strategic planning. 

Continuous Improvement 

One of the key benefits of Time and Motion Studies is their focus on continuous improvement. The data and insights gathered from these studies act as a foundation for ongoing optimization efforts. Businesses can implement iterative changes, monitor their impact, gather feedback, and make further adjustments, ensuring that processes remain efficient and effective over time. 

Competitive Advantage  

Efficient and streamlined operations resulting from Time and Motion Studies provide a competitive advantage in the market. Businesses that can deliver high-quality products or services efficiently are better positioned to attract and retain customers, outperform competitors, and adapt quickly to market changes, ultimately driving sustainable growth and success. 

In a manufacturing department, a time standard helps in identifying the following:

– Determining how many machines or tools to buy
– Calculate the number of manpower needed
– Determining the cost of manufacturing and selling
– Scheduling the machines, operations, and people who will do the job.
– Determining the performance of a worker.
– Determining the assembly line balance and conveyor belt speed.
– Pay wages for teams or individuals that exceed the normal work standards.
– Performing cost reduction
– Evaluating new equipment purchase
– Creating budgets

Hence, Time and Motion Study is an important tool for further improvements in productivity and operations in any plant.

Unlock the power of productivity with our exclusive Points of Time and Motion Study tool. Don’t miss out on this opportunity to optimize your operations and drive efficiency. Fill out the form below to access this invaluable tool and take your productivity to new heights!

Contributed by: Faber Raveena Rathi & Faber Mayuri Pandya

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